hcs 6.ita1204.14

INCOME TAX APPEAL NO.1204 OF 2014

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The Commissioner of Income Tax-3, Mumbai Vs. M/s. Axis Pvt. Equity Ltd.

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IN THE HIGH COURT OF JUDICATURE AT BOMBAY ORDINARY ORIGINAL CIVIL JURISDICTION

.. Appellant.

.. Respondent.

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Mr. Ashok Kotangle with Mr.Arun Nagarjun with Ms.Padma Divakar for the appellant. Dr. K. Shivram, Senior Counsel with Ms. Rahul Hakani for the respondent. CORAM : M. S. SANKLECHA & A.K. MENON , JJ. DATED : 30TH JANUARY, 2017

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P.C. :

This   Appeal   under   Section   260­A   of   the   Income   Tax   Act, 

1.

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1961 (the Act) challenges the order dated 19th August, 2013 passed by  the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal (the Tribunal).  The impugned order 

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is in respect of Assessment Year 2007­08.

2.

This   appeal   urges   the   following   question   of   law   for   our 

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consideration :­ “(A)  Whether on the facts and circumstances of the case and in   law,  the Tribunal  was correct in allowing as a deduction   the   expenses  claimed by  the assessee in its Profit and Loss Account   for the year ended 31st March, 2007  without appreciating that   the business of the Assessee Company was  not   set up    during   the  previous year  relevant   to  Assessment Year  2007­2008 ?” 1/6

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6.ita1204.14

The Respondent – Assessee

Officer

During the assessment proceedings, the Assessing noted that

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company.

is an asset management

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3.

the

respondent – assessee had shown the

business loss of Rs.1.17 crores and Miscellaneous Income of Rs.24,720/- for the subject assessment year. The Assessing Officer disallowed

the business loss (arising in view of expenditure)

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claimed by the respondent – assessee on the ground that business has not been set up during the year under consideration evidence

in regard to the same was produced.

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miscellaneous income of Rs.24,720/-

and no

So far as

is concerned, the Assessing

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Officer brought it to tax as income from other sources.

4.

Being aggrieved the respondent – assessee carried

matter in Appeal. By the order dated 13th December, 2011

Income Tax (Appeal) [CIT (A)] upheld the order

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Commissioner of

the

of Assessing Officer disallowing business loss of Rs.1.17 crores on the ground that the respondent – assessee had not furnished

any

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evidence to prove that any activities of managing the investments or funds have been carried on during the year under consideration. So far as the grievance in respect of Rs.24,720/-

Miscellaneous Income of

was concerned, it was held that the same arises on

account of interest on fixed deposit and is correctly assessed as income from other sources. 2/6

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6.ita1204.14

Being aggrieved the respondent filed

further appeal

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5.

fact that the expenses

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to the Tribunal. The Tribunal by the impugned order recorded the of Rs.1.17 crores was disallowed

as

business has not been set up in the year under consideration by the lower authorities.

The impugned order

reference to the fact that the company

also makes

was incorporated in the

certificate

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year 2006 and the Assistant Registrar of Companies has issued a that the company

had commenced business

with

effect from 1st October, 2006. Further the impugned order records

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the fact that from the balance sheet and profit and loss account filed which includes Director's report, it is clear that the company for commencing business

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has taken steps

of venture capital

fund. It has engaged legal and financial advisors. It had also incurred expenditure

for the funds

the appropriate

tax

efficient

and employed necessary personnel for

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structure

to decide

purpose of running its business. The impugned order records the fact that human capital is key to the business of asset management.

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Further, the impugned order relied upon ordinate bench

of the Tribunal

Holdings Pvt. Ltd.

is case of HSBC Securities India

decided in ITA No.3181/M/1999

28th November, 2001 wherein would be

a decision of the Co-

held to be set up

it was held

decided on

that the business

as and when assessee had

taken

business premises and has taken steps to recruit employees and 3/6

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6.ita1204.14 has incurred expenses for promoting its business activity

also records the fact that in subsequent expenditure as claimed in the

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assessment year 2009-10 similar

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the impugned order

In fact

subject Assessment Year have been allowed by the Assessing Officer as business expenses. In the aforesaid circumstances the Tribunal held that expenses incurred are to be allowed as business loss as same had been incurred after the business has been set up.

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So far as Miscellaneous Income of Rs.24,720/- is concerned, the impugned order records the fact that similar income claimed the assessee has been categorised as income

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from other sources,

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by the Assessing Officer for subsequent assessment year 2009-10

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and accepted by the assessee.

6.

The grievance of the revenue before us

is only with

regard to the impugned order allowing the expenditure of Rs.1.17

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crores as business loss.

This conclusion of the Tribunal is

premised on the fact that the business has been set up during the year under consideration.

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evidence activities

It is submitted by the Revenue that no

was produced by the assessee

to show that

any

of management of funds have been taken by the

respondent – assessee

during the assessment year.

Thus no

expenditure resulting in business loss could be allowed as the business had not commenced. According to the Revenue, there is no distinction between setting up of business and commencement 4/6

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6.ita1204.14 of

business.

Therefore,

no

expenditure

incurred

We note that a similar issue

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7.

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commencement of business can be allowed.

before

viz. distinction between

setting up of business and commencement of business had come up for consideration before this Court in Western India Vegetable Products Ltd.

vs. Commissioner of Income Tax 1954 Vol. 26 ITR This Court had

held that business is said to have

been set up

when it is established

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Page 151.

and ready to be commence.

However, there may be an interval between a business which is set

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up and a business which is commenced. However, all expenses incurred during the interregnum between setting up of business

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and commencement of business would be permissible In this case

the CIT (A)

deductions.

had disallowed the expenditure as

business loss as on the ground only on the ground that it had not

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commenced

business.

However, the

impugned order of the

Tribunal on examination of facts found that the business of the respondent – assessee

B

year

has been set up in the subject assessment

and consequently,

expenditure

the business loss arising on account of

as claimed by the respondent – assessee

was

allowable. We also note that the impugned order of the Tribunal placed reliance Securities

upon the order of its Co-ordinate bench in HSBC

India Holdings Pvt. Ltd. (supra) wherein on similar

facts it had held

that when executives are employed

and the

5/6

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6.ita1204.14 infrastructure is ready to commence business, it can be said that carrying on business as share

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the business has been set up for

8.

Mr.Kotangale,

not been able to show

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brokers.

learned counsel any distinction

for the Revenue has

which would warrant

taking a different view of meaning of business being set up, as

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understood by the Tribunal in HSBC Securities India Holdings Pvt. Ltd. (supra). Mr.Kotangale states that the revenue has accepted the decision of the Tribunal in HSBC Securities India Holdings with regard to

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Pvt. Ltd. (supra)

business expenditure being

allowed on setting up of business, even if the business is yet to

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commence. The determination of the issue of whether the business has been set up is essentially one of finding of fact. This finding of fact on the basis of the test laid down by this Court in Western Vegetable Products Ltd. (supra) and the Tribunal in HSBC

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India

Securities

India Holdings Pvt. Ltd. (supra) is not shown to be

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perverse.

9.

In view of above, no substantial question of law arises

for our consideration. Accordingly, Appeal is dismissed. No order as to costs.

(A.K. MENON,J.)

(M. S. SANKLECHA,J.) 6/6

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