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ITA.708/Bang/2014

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IN THE INCOME TAX APPELLATE TRIBUNAL BENGALURU BENCH 'C', BENGALURU BEFORE SHRI. JASON P. BOAZ, ACCOUNTANT MEMBER AND SHRI. LALIT KUMAR, JUDICIAL MEMBER I.T.A No.708/Bang/2014 (Assessment Year : 2009-10) Shri. S. P. Hombanna, Soundarya Constructions, 327, 12th A Main, 6th Block, Rajajinagara, Bengaluru 560 010 PAN : AAPPH4837H

..

Appellant

..

Respondent

v. Income-tax Officer, Ward – 9(2), Bengaluru Assessee by : Shri. Narendra Sharma, Advocate Revenue by : Shri. M. K. Biju, JCIT Heard on : 07.09.2017 Pronounced on : 02.11.2017 ORDER PER LALIET KUMAR, JUDICIAL MEMBER : The assessee filed the present appeal aggrieved by the order passed by the CIT (A), dt.26.02.2014, for the assessment year 200910. Though various grounds have been raised by the assessee, we are summarising the grounds into two main grounds, as under :

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i) That the lower authorities are justified in making addition of Rs.32 lakhs u/s.68 of the Act ; and ii) That the lower authorities erred in disallowing the adjustment of interest paid of an amount of Rs.9,87,295/-, towards remuneration received by the assessee during the assessment year under consideration from the firm, namely, M/s. Soundarya Constructions.

02.

In regard to the first ground which pertains to the addition of

Rs.32 lakhs u/s.68 of the Act, the AO noted that the assessee has made the cash deposit to the tune of Rs.36,10,000/- and the assessee failed to explain / satisfy the source for cash deposit made in the bank account at Corporation Bank, Bengaluru. In this regard, the assessee before the CIT (A) has explained that the AO while making this addition has ignored the banks with other banks which the assessee is having and has also ignored the available cash during the said period which was available and shown in the books of account by the assessee.

However, the CIT (A) vide order has confirmed the

disallowance of Rs.32 lakhs and has made the addition. The finding of the CIT (A) are given in para 5.1 to 5.4. Being aggrieved the assessee is in appeal before this Tribunal. 03.

Before us the Ld. AR has submitted that the assessee has

explained the source of Rs.32 lakhs, availability of cash and withdrawal of cash from the banks. On the basis of the above, it was submitted that the assessee has explained the source of the cash

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deposit and therefore the confirmation of addition by the CIT (A) was not justified. 04.

On the other hand the Ld. DR submitted that mere availability of

cash in the bank account / on hand, or withdrawal of cash would not justify the action of the assessee within four corners of law and it is for the assessee to prove that the same amount which was drawn from the bank was in fact deposited by the assessee to the bank. 05.

We have heard the rival contentions and perused the material on

record. In para 5, the CIT (A) has given the details of cash deposits made by the assessee. For the sake of clarity, the same is reproduced herein below : Date

Amount

22.08.2008

Rs.10,00,000

11.09.2008

Rs.12,00,000

04.11.2008

Rs. 5,00,000

17.02.2009

Rs. 5,00,000

Total

Rs.12,00,000

We shall now deal with the explanation given by the assessee in respect of all the above four transactions cumulatively giving rise to the addition of Rs.32 lakhs. 5.1

Deposit of Rs.10,00,000/- made on 22.08.2008 : In this regard

the assessee has submitted that the assessee was having opening balance as on 01.08.2008 of a sum of Rs.10 lakhs and the deposit made into the bank on 22.08.2008 was out of the available cash

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shown in opening balance. We are of the opinion that this contention of the assessee is in accordance with the judgment of the Hon’ble jurisdictional High Court in the matter of P. Padmavathi v. ITO dt.06.10.2010 in ITA No.414 of 2009, wherein it was held as under : 12. In this case, it is not in dispute that the assessee withdrew a sum of Rs.5,00,000/- on 18.08.2003 and Rs.2,00,000/- on 20.08.2003 from her savings account. She is an agriculturist and she had agricultural income. Once she demonstrated that she was in possession of Rs.7,00,000/- cash plus agricultural income on her hands, if after 40 days, a cash deposit is made to the extent of about Rs.5,20,000/- towards loan account, it cannot be said that the source of the said deposit is not properly explained. Merely because there is a delay of 40 days from the date of withdrawal of the money from the bank account to the date of deposit in the loan account. Once money is shown to be in the account and withdrawn, what the assessee did with that money till it was actually deposited, is not the concern of the Department. As long as the source is explained and established and when the money is withdrawn from a savings bank account and paid to discharge loan by deposit into a loan account, it is not possible to hold that the source is not explained. In that interregnum period, if the very same money is utilised for other purpose and thereafter, it is appropriated towards discharge of a loan, that cannot be held against the assessee. In that view of the matter, the finding recorded by the Tribunal is erroneous and requires to be set aside. Therefore, the said substantial question of law is also held against the revenue and in favour of the assessee. In our view the reasoning given by the Hon’ble jurisdictional High Court in the above noted case squarely applies to the present case, in the said case the Hon’ble court held that once the assessee was able to

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explain the availability of cash in hand, then it is none of the concern of the Revenue to doubt the veracity and genuineness of the assertion of the assessee of depositing the same amount in the bank. In the present case, we are not able to appreciate the reasoning given by the CIT (A) in para 5.2 whereby the CIT (A) has rejected the explanation of the assessee, as asserting that when deposits are available there was no reason for assessee to withdraw cash from different bank accounts. The withdrawal of cash from Bank accounts, even of a sum of Rs.1,76,750/- will not be a reason to assume that the amount of Rs.10 lakhs of opening balance was not available with the assessee. In our view, it is for the assessee to run the business in the way he wants and not for the AO to decide how the assessee should conduct his affairs and do the business. The authorities below failed to bring on record any evidence contrary to the fact that the cash was not available with the assessee . In view thereof, the assessee was able to explain the deposit of Rs.10 lakhs in the bank account on 28.08.2008 accordingly the addition made by the officers below to in an amount of Rs 10 lakh is liable to be set aside. 5.2

In respect of deposit of Rs.5 lakhs on 17.02.2009, it is the

admitted case of parties before us that the opening balance of Rs.3,23,864/- was there on 01.02.2009. When the opening balance was available with the assessee to the amount of Rs.3,23,864/-. Then we had to resume to assume that the assessee was having with sufficient means to deposit an amount of Rs 5lak in the bank account and therefore, therefore the assessee was able to explain this deposit of

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Rs.5 lakhs also. Accordingly the addition made by the officers below to in an amount of Rs 5 lakh is liable to be set aside and we hold so. 5.3

With regard to deposit of Rs.12 lakhs on 11.02.2009, as the

assessee demonstrated that the said amount of Rs.12 lakhs was withdrawn by the assessee from one bank and deposited in another account. Thus the assessee was able to demonstrate and explain the availability of cash either in the form of opening balance or in the form of withdrawal from the bank, therefore the assessee has explained the deposit of Rs.12 lakhs. The authorities below failed to bring on record any evidence contrary to the fact that the cash was not available with the assessee . Accordingly the addition made by the officers below to in an amount of Rs 12 lakh is liable to be set aside and we hold so. 5.4. With respect to deposit of Rs.5 lakhs on 04.11.2008, it was stated by the assessee that the assessee had received a sum of Rs.5 lakhs from the firm on 11.02.2008 from his capital, as the firm of the assessee, namely, Soundarya Constructions, was having cash availability. It was explained that the said cash was deposited on 04.11.2008, and it came from his drawings from his capital in the firm. We are of the view that the explanation of the assessee was plausible and therefore the assessee was able to explain the source of cash deposit. In view of the above as also following the decision of the Hon’ble jurisdictional High Court in P. Padmavathi (supra), we find no reason

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to sustain the order of the CIT (A). We delete the addition of Rs.32 lakhs. 06.

Now coming to the second ground on account of interest paid on

borrowed capital, the Ld. AR has submitted that the assessee is a partner in Soundarya Constructions and has filed the return of income claiming the deduction of interest paid on loan amount of Rs.11,45,607/-.

It was also the case of the assessee that in the

previous years the AOs have allowed the deduction of interest paid on loan amounts. However in the present assessment year, the AO has declined this amount. It was submitted that this is required to be allowed in view of the conjoint reading of Section 10(2A) r.w.s. 28 (v) and section 36(1)(iii) of the Act. It was the contention of the Ld. AR that as per section 36, the amount of interest paid in respect of capital borrowed for profession / business is required to be allowed. It was submitted that the assessee’s income from the firm is required to be taxed as income u/s.28 as income from business profit for earning salary / remuneration by the partner.

As assessee has made the

capital contribution to the firm therefore the assessee is entitled to deduction for the interest paid by the assessee. 07.

On the other hand the Ld. DR relied upon the CIT (A)’s order

and submitted that this interest payment cannot be permitted to be deducted against the remuneration earned by the assessee. It was submitted that the assessee was a working partner of the firm and the

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income earned by the assessee has no correlation with the capital contribution made by the assessee. 08.

We have heard the rival contentions and perused the material on

record. In the present assessment year the assessee had received a sum of Rs.14,40,512/- and remuneration of Rs.9,87,295/-. Clause (5) of the partnership deed dt.06.10.1994 provides for the remuneration of the partners. The same is reproduced herein below : 5. Remuneration to Pareners : All the partners shall be working partners of the firm being actively engaged in the conduct of the business of the firm and they shall be paid remuneration for the same. The total remuneration payable to all the partners put together shall be the aggregate of the amounts mentioned under A, B & C below : A On the first Rs.75,000/- of Rs.50,000/- or at the rate the book profits of the firm of 90% of the book profit or in the case of loss whichever is more B Next Rs.75,000/- of the book profits

60%

C Balance of book profits

40%

Book Profits : The term book profits means nett profits in the profit and loss account of the firm computed in the manner laid down in chapter 4D of the Income Tax Act 1961 as increased by the amount of remuneration paid / payable to

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the partners actually charged to the profit and loss account of the firm. 09.

Clause (6) of the partnership deed which provides for interest on

capital reads as under : Interest on capital : The partners will be entitled to interest on their capital at the rate of 18% p.a. 10.

The income received by the assessee as remuneration from the

firm was only Rs.9,87,295/-, which was in terms of clause (5) of the partnership deed. Reading of clause 5 make it clear the the income of the partner, i.e., the assessee before us, was not dependent upon the capital brought in by the partner in the firm. If the partner is bringing in capital, the partner is entitled to interest at the rate of 18% p.a on the capital so brought in , thus bringing more capital will not automatically lead to increase in income.

Thus there was no

justification and correlation between the income earned by the partner as remuneration under clause (5) of the partnership deed, with the capital contribution made by the assessee in the firm. As there is no correlation or nexus between the capital contribution and the remuneration, it cannot be said that the assessee is entitled for the deduction u/s.36 of the Act. For the purposes of invoking Section 36, it is essential that the amount of interest paid was in respect of the capital borrowed for the purpose of business or profession. Further interest-earning clause for the capital contribution is different from the remuneration of the partners.

Hence it cannot be said that the

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partnership income had been earned only on account of capital contribution made by the partner or it was dependent upon capital contribution by the partners. In view thereof the order passed by the CIT (A) is in accordance with law and does not call for interference by us. 11.

The reliance placed by the assessee on the decisions of the

ITAT, Mumbai bench in the case of Santosh Kumar Agrawal v. ACIT [72 TTJ453] and Sudhir Dattaram Patil v. DCIT [2 SOT 678], are not applicable to the facts of the assessee. In the said two decisions the facts are not similar to the present case. The terms and condition of the partnership deed in the present case were the guiding factors for determining whether the deduction claimed u/s.36 were relatable to the remuneration received by the partner of a firm from such firm. In our considered opinion, if the relevant clauses of the partnership deed provides for payment of remuneration which is independent and separable from the capital contribution made by the partners in the firm and the partnership deed provides for the payment of interest on such contribution, in that eventuality the deduction u/s.36 against the remuneration received by the partners cannot be permitted.

The

deduction of interest paid can only be permitted if the assessee is receiving the interest income from the capital contribution made by him. In view thereof, we find that the ground raised by the assessee for allowing the deduction of Rs.9,87,295/- is without any merit. Accordingly, we dismiss this ground.

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ITA.708/Bang/2014

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In the result, appeal of the assessee is partly allowed.

Order pronounced in the open court on 2nd day of November, 2017. Sd/-

Sd/-

(JASON P. BOAZ) ACCOUNTANT MEMBER

(LALIT KUMAR) JUDICIAL MEMBER

Bengaluru Dated : 02.11.2017. MCN* Copy to: 1. The assessee 2. The Assessing Officer 3. The Commissioner of Income-tax 4. Commissioner of Income-tax(A) 5. DR 6. GF, ITAT, Bangalore By Order SENIOR PRIVATE SECRETARY

ITA Hombanna.pdf

justify the action of the assessee within four corners of law and it is. for the assessee to prove that the same amount which was drawn from. the bank was in fact deposited by the assessee to the bank. 05. We have heard the rival contentions and perused the material on. record. In para 5, the CIT (A) has given the details of ...

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