TURKEY BREEDS 1: BLACK

The Black turkey should have a lustrous greenish black plumage. It is not extensively bred in America, but in Europe is considered one of the finest turkeys for table qualities, and is bred with success in Eastern England and Normandy in France. The French Blacks are pure, rich black, while the Norfolk Blacks in England are dull black, with brown and even white tips showing. The French blacks are the hardiest. In middle Europe the Black turkeys are smaller in size. The desired weights for the variety in America are: Adult cock, 27 lbs.; yearling cock, 22 lbs.; cockerel, 18 lbs.; hen, 18 lbs.; pullet, 12 lbs.

2: BOURBON

3: BRONZE The Bronze turkey is a shimmering metallic in the sunlight.

named for its unusual color, green-bronze which appears

The North American current success on turkeys. (whether White or insemination to meaty breast which natural mating. In favored the whose pinfeathers are cleaning. This has left though many calmer and easier to

turkey industry has built its broad-breasted white Broad-breasted turkeys Bronze) require artificial reproduce, a result of the presents an obstacle for addition, processors have white-feathered birds, harder to detect after the Bronze in decline, even producers say this breed is handle than the White. The

Broad-breasted Bronze is now bred at only five or six hatcheries in the United States. It is sometimes crossed with the White turkey and also sold as a backyard hobby bird, but has an uncertain future. The unimproved Bronze is rarer still, with only one hatchery breeding flock and a few scattered university flocks known. For information on purchasing unimproved Bronze turkeys, contact Wish Poultry, Box 362, Prairie City, OR 97869, telephone 541-820-3509. Other sources can be found in the ALBC Breeders Directory. The turkey is native to North America and was domesticated by the Aztecs in Mexico 500 years ago. Turkeys were taken to Spain beginning in 1500 and rapidly became known across Europe. The Pilgrims and other settlers brought turkeys with them to New England where they were crossed with wild indigenous stocks. This hybrid type was itself taken back to England where a game keep named John Bull began to select for a broader breast. He emigrated to Canada and brought turkeys with him, selling them in North America as "broad-breasted" turkeys. The unimproved Bronze is not the same breed as the wild turkey, though they able to interbreed, which is a cause for concern to some wildlife managers. Status: RARE. Less than 300 breeding hens were found in the 1987 ALBC poultry survey, although there may be more if the exhibition turkeys are included.

4: NARRAGANSETT

5: SLATE

The Slate turkey never attained any standing as a popular variety and is now practically extinct. The color should be an ashy blue, sometimes dotted with black. Its size should be the same as that of the Black Turkey.

6: ROYAL PALM

7: WHITE

TURKEY BREEDS

sometimes crossed with the White turkey and also sold as a backyard hobby bird, but has an uncertain future. The unimproved Bronze is rarer still, with only one ...

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