Name: ___________________

Unit 6

Date: ____________

Grammar Past tense

Unit 6.1 Past tense - was, were Verbs that tell about an action that happened in the past are called past tense verbs. Be – Past Tense Subject + Verb Singular I was You were He was She was It was

Plural We were You were They were

Be - Past Tense Negative Subject + Verb + not Singular I was not You were not He was not She was not It was not

Plural We were not You were not They were not

Exercise 1 Fill in the blanks with “was”, “were”  Highlight the subject and state if it is singular (s) or plural (p).  Highlight the evidence (if any) that tells you that the statement is in the past. 1. Ben’s mother ______________ not feeling well last night. 2. I ______________ watching the school performance with my classmates yesterday. 3. Henry’s brothers ______________ not in school last week because their family visited Australia. 4. The girls’ mother _____________ furious because they were playing rowdily. 5. My teachers ________________ very satisfied with my results. 6. Florence and her brother ______________ strolling when they saw a shooting star. 7. If I ______________ a teacher, I would make sure that all my students sit properly before I teach.

1 No part of this publication may be reproduced without the prior permission of GramSkool.

8. Mrs. Gabriel _____________ our school principal last year. 9. The boy’s pets _____________ nowhere to be found when he walked into the classroom. 10. The stationery ____________ new when we bought it two years ago. 11. Kayden _____________ drinking when his classmates made him laugh. 12. Mrs. Lam and her children _____________ stranded on that island. 13. I would certainly punish you severely if I ___________ your mother. 14.

If I ____________ a time-machine, I would transport people to see live dinosaurs.

15.

Meiling ____________ our country’s top gymnast when she was much younger.

Unit 6.2 Rules of past tense verbs The basic form of a verb changes to make it a past tense verb. RULE # 1 The letters ed can be added to many verbs to show that something happened in the past. Present Tense Want

Past Tense The dog wanted to catch the cat.

Climb

Wanted Climbed

The cat climbed up the tree Bark

Barked The dog barked at the cat.

RULE # 2 When the basic form ends with a silent e, drop the e, then add ed. Present Tense Bake Smile Gobble

Past Tense Mom baked us some cookies. She smiled as we gobbled up the cookies.

Loved Smiled Gobbled

RULE # 3 2 No part of this publication may be reproduced without the prior permission of GramSkool.

When the basic form ends with a consonant plus y, change the y to i, then add ed Present Tense Try Cry Carry

Past Tense The baby tried to get out of the cot

Tried Cried

The baby cried.

Carried

It wants to be carried.

Exercise 2 Apply the rules of past tense verbs and complete the poem below.

When Frankenstein Came to My Birthday He came to my birthday and _____________ (bang) down the door. He _____________ (knock) over plates and dropped cake on the floor.

He _______________ (shout) so loud that we plugged up our ears. He _____________ (stomp) on our sneakers, which brought us to tears. adapted from

He ____________ (laugh) out loud

When Frankenstein came to my birthday

and ___________ (carry) me up

by Robert Scotellaro

He __________ (squeeze) me so tight. I almost ____________ (cry). When the party was over, He _________ (wave) goodbye. Mom and Dad __________ (sigh) It is a mistake; don't invite Frankenstein, ever again!!!"

3 No part of this publication may be reproduced without the prior permission of GramSkool.

Unit 6.3 Irregular past tense verbs Some verbs have irregular past tense.

List of common irregular past tense verbs 4 No part of this publication may be reproduced without the prior permission of GramSkool.

Verb

Past Simple

Verb

Past Simple

Verb

Past Simple

be

was / were

give

gave

shut

shut

become bend

became bent

go grow

went grew

sing sink

sank sank

begin

began

have

had

sit

sat

bite

bit

hear

heard

sleep

slept

bleed blow break

bled blew broke

hide hit hold

hid hit held

slide speak spend

slid spoke spent

bring

brought

hurt

hurt

spread

spread

build buy catch choose

built bought caught chose

keep know leave lend

kept knew left lent

stand steal stick sting

stood stole stuck stung

come cost cut dig

came cost cut dug

light lose make meet

lit lost made met

strike sweep swim swing

struck swept swam swung

do draw drink drive

did drew drank drove

pay put read ride

paid put read rode

take teach tear tell

took taught tore told

eat fall feed feel fight

ate fell fed felt fought

ring rise run say see

rang rose ran said saw

think throw understand wake wear

thought threw understood woke wore

find fly forget freeze

found flew forgot froze

sell send shine shoot

sold sent shone shot

win write

won wrote

get

got

show

showed

Exercise 3 Cloze Passage - Past Tense Change the verbs in the brackets into the past tense. 5 No part of this publication may be reproduced without the prior permission of GramSkool.

Yesterday _____________ (be) a busy day. I _____________ (woke) up at 6a.m., ___________ breakfast quickly and then I __________ (go) to school. I _________ (finish) my lessons at 1p.m. and then _____________(eat) some lunch. Afterwards my dad ______________ (drive) me to the shopping mall. We _____________ (buy) some paint and then __________(paint) my bedroom. After that I _________ my mother ___________(clean) and ___________(pack) up my room. I even ___________ (vacuum) the floor of my baby sister’s room. I was pretty tired by dinner time. I ____________ (kept) yawning while eating my dinner. After dinner, I ___________ straight to bed.

Exercise 4 Cloze Passage - Past Tense Change the verbs below into past tense and put them into the correct place. Pay

Ring

Think

Drink

See

Eat

Go

Take

Leave

Say

1. I ________________ that he was absent because he was sick. 2. My mum _______________ me last night but I wasn’t at home to take her call. 3. I _______________ to Sentosa with my cousin last weekend. 4. I _______________ two burgers for lunch. I feel sick! 5. He ______________ his grandma to see the doctor this morning. 6. I _____________ that new movie last night. It was great! 7. He ______________ his 7 year old son alone at home all day! 8. I ____________ two bottle of grape juice just now, I was very thirsty. 9. They _____________ it tasted horrible. 10. It was too expensive and we ____________ too much for it.

6 No part of this publication may be reproduced without the prior permission of GramSkool.

Unit 6 Grammar Past tense

not in school last week because their family visited Australia. 4. The girls' mother ______ furious because they were playing rowdily. 5. My teachers. very satisfied with my results. 6. Florence and her brother ... The basic form of a verb changes to make it a past tense verb. RULE # 1. The letters ed can be added to many ...

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